Democracy refers to a system of government in which every person has the right to participate. Sparta had a government that consisted of two kings (one from the Agrid family and one from the Eurypontid family), five Ephors (supreme magistrates), the Gerousia (council of elders) and the Apella (the assembly of equals - all Spartan men over the age of 30). First was the gerousia, a council of 28 elders who served for life. Democracy in its extreme form is mob rule. imaginable degree, area of Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. Did you know… We have over 220 college 239 views In this way, the kings' power was checked by the people, as well as by each other. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, HSC Ancient History: Exam Prep & Syllabus, Biological and Biomedical This type of government is called a monarchy. Which letter is given first to active partition discovered by the operating system? True or False. Sparta was ruled by two kings. Sparta Map: The Spartans were descendants of Dorian settlers. Ancient Greece: Sparta. Sparta was an ancient Greek city-state, founded around 1000 B.C. Well, the Spartans may not have invented a political structure we widely use today, but that doesn't mean they weren't also being innovative with their government. The word democracy comes from the Greek root words demos (which means “people”) and kratos (which means “power”). Persia gave Sparta gold so they could build their own navy fleet. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. An error occurred trying to load this video. Athens is, however, the state we know most about. The kings also sat on this council and made many of their decisions through this body. just create an account. Ancient Greek civilization - Ancient Greek civilization - Sparta and Athens: Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member 'council of elders' limited their powers. 100. If we need proof that the Spartans had an organized and sophisticated government, look no further than the Great Rhetra. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons In this city-state soldiers marching and young boys and girls exercising were common sights. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? they were divided and weak What god communicates through the oracle in the Temple at Delphi. The word democracy derives from the Greek dēmos which referred to the entire citizen body and although it is Athens which has become associated with the birth of democracy (demokratia) from around 460 BCE, other Greek states did establish a similar political system, notably, Argos, (briefly) Syracuse, Rhodes, and Erythrai. This created social classes within Sparta, the highest social class being the kings and the 'council of elders'. 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Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal The Spartan government was given power through the Great Rhetra, which was essentially the constitution granted to Lycurgus by the Oracle of Delphi. 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In Sparta, women had a lot of free will and were almost as good fighters as the men. Persian Empire. What are the qualifications of a parliamentary candidate? Sparta had a government that consisted of two kings (one from the Agrid family and one from the Eurypontid family), five Ephors (supreme magistrates), the Gerousia (council of elders) and the … credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. The government of Sparta consisted of the two kings, the Gerousia, the Ephors and the Ecclesia/Apella: How old was Ralph macchio in the first Karate Kid? Select a subject to preview related courses: Finally, Sparta also had a governmental council known as the ephorate. Ancient Sparta was not as sophisticated as Athens, did not create arts and crafts, and has not left us any written masterpiece. 100. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? 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Even without a democracy, the Spartans found other ways to keep their rulers in check as well. What type of government did Sparta have? What influence does Sikhism have on drinking? Spartan girl running (ca. courses that prepare you to earn The city-state of Corinth is an example; Corinth was ruled by a king. What happened to the Greek city-states after the Peloponnesian War? Create your account. It was composed of five ephors, who were elected to this position by the Ekklesia. The gerousia itself was part of a larger citizen's assembly, known as the Ekklesia. Lycurgus had conceived also political institutions, established after consulting with the Delphic oracle. Ancient Greece Cities and Sparta. Is a Master's Degree in Accounting Worth It? To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? We call this a diarchy, instead of a monarchy. Chris has a master's degree in history and teaches at the University of Northern Colorado. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. When did organ music become associated with baseball? The kings and the Ephors made all the most important decisions about the state and battle and education and the Gerouisa had a big input in law but even if they all make a unanimous decision it can still be overruled by the whole Apella. In this lesson, we'll look at this system and see how the Spartan government worked. The Ancient Greek City of Sparta was the greatest military power in ancient Greece and played a significant role in history.. So it appears in Homer‘s Odyssey as the kingdom of Menelaus and Helen. Athens was the birthplace of modern democracy, after all. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Sparta was a city in Greece in which the form of the kingdom in the form of joint authority was preserved. They were also both recognized as priests of Zeus. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Sparta also had a council that created laws. What is the best way to fold a fitted sheet? What type of government existed under the Thirty Tyrants? lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Imagine taking the U.S. Congress and Supreme Court and tossing in some of the president's powers as well; that was basically the ephorate. All rights reserved. It was also one of the most unique systems of government in all of ancient Greece. Apollo. Yes, you read that right - Sparta had two kings. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. The Spartans had two kings ruling the city, but their powers were limited by the 'council of elders', having 28 members participating. 500 BC), maybe as part of religious games sponsored by her government. However, Aristotle argued that this encouraged a degree of corruption in Sparta. How do you Find Free eBooks On-line to Download? Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Athens was the birthplace of modern democracy, after all. How could Sparta compete with that? 100. The Athenian Empire was called "The Delian League". To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Where was Sparta located? These kings would lead the army in times of war. The Spartan Empire was known as "The Peloponnesian League". Study.com has thousands of articles about every A woman in Sparta things were very different for citizen women than they were in other Greek cities, where women would stay home most of their lives and be controlled by their husband. Sparta was a town in southern Greece. This type of government is called an oligarchy. Legacy of Ancient Greece . Create an account to start this course today. One of the remaining sites in Sparta is the ancient theatre. In 508 B.C., Athens became one of the first societies in ancient times to establish democracy. The ancient city of Athens, Greece, had a democratic government. Get access risk-free for 30 days, It was already a town in the Late Bronze Age. What Are the SAT Test Registration Deadlines? We tend to look at the ancient Greek city-state of Spartaas being a warrior society, which it was, but also as less sophisticated than intellectual centers like Athens. What two letters of the Greek alphabet did the word alphabet come from? Together, these councils created a system of checks and balances within the Spartan diarchy, which was ruled by two kings. You can test out of the Its democracy was "the rule of the mob," and historians consider the Athenians as the developers of democracy. STUDY. In addition to the kings, there were five ephors (magistrates) that were elected from aristocratic families. Sparta was unique in ancient Greece for its social system and constitution, which were supposedly introduced by the semi-mythical legislator Lycurgus. Athens' rival, Sparta, was a military dictatorship. Sparta grew to rival the size of the city-states Athens and Thebes by subjugating its neighboring region of Messenia. The ancient theatre of Sparta. Sparta was a powerful city-state in ancient Greece. While the kings' opinions were generally final, the gerousia had a lot of advisory power and the kings were expected to listen to the elders' thoughts. Why wasn't there a Warring States Period in Europe? The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Though Sparta absorbed this population, it did not integrate the conquered people into society. Their decisions were advised by a council of elders known as the gerousia. It was in Greece, and particularly Athens, that democracy … So what did the Spartan government look like, according to the Great Rhetra and according to historical sources? Spartan citizens led a simple life filled with physical activity. The people selected the best king to deal with each situation. tyranny. In Peloponnesus, they repressed The Helots (who were there before) out. Sparta was a city-state located in the southeastern Peloponnese region of ancient Greece. Did the Persian Empire or the Spartan army win the battle at Thermopylae . One person ruled in monarchies and tyrannies. Sparta Sparta was located in the southern Peloponnesus. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you Which king ruled which part of Spartan society changed by occasion. They thought of themselves as Greeks. Meeting once a month, this council was open to all citizens of Sparta. Visit the HSC Ancient History: Exam Prep & Syllabus page to learn more. Spartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings), oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ephoroi, ephors). © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Ancient Greece had two types of governments, and then one. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. Log in here for access. ANCIENT GREECE ATHENS AND SPARTA In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, oligarchy and democracy. The co-kings each inherited their titles but came from two different families. The Oracle was a priestess of Apollo who prophesied on behalf of the gods so when Lycurgus took his ideas of government to her, he was looking for divine approval. The theatre itself has the beautiful backdrop of Mount Taygetus and would have … Sparta was a great military-focused civilization and it is most recognized for it. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. According to the legend, from period of the king Lycurgus all existing Spartan laws were grounded. Alpha and Beta. How did they ensure that everyone was in perfect health and condition? flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | If your impeached can you run for president again? We tend to look at the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta as being a warrior society, which it was, but also as less sophisticated than intellectual centers like Athens. study Anyone can earn The theatre in its time would have been one the largest in ancient Greece, capable of seating over 15,000 Spartans. Sparta had a mixed form of government that included a council and the leadership of two hereditary kings. Sparta was Oligarchical (ie ruled by an Oligarch), which translates as 'rule of the few'. Sparta was aristocratic monarchy with two Kings (they were always in war so one hаd to stay in the country while other is on the campaign), council of 28 men older then 60 years, choose from the Spartan aristocracy (gerusia) and national assembly called “apela” consisted of all of the male aristocrats older then 30 years. Most city-states in Greece started out by having monarchies, then oligarchies, then tyrannies and then democracies, but at each period ancient Greek government included plenty of … It was though the city that stayed in history due to the bravery of its citizens, and its immense role in the Persian Wars. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? The Spartans spoke Greek. Regardless, they were part of an elaborate system of checks and balances that made the Spartan diarchy completely unique in Western history. While many people associate ancient Greece with the origin of democracy, it was home to many types of government. This was done through a series of councils, each of which had a fair amount of power in the city's government. 100. According to tradition, the Great Rhetra was given to the legendary figure Lycurgus by the mythical Oracle of Apollo at Delphi. Apparently, he got it. There were several main types of government. PLAY. They had the power to try and indict the kings in a trial, they could pass or advise laws, and two ephors traveled with the king on military campaigns to keep his ego in check. The Spartan government was a fusion of monarchy, oligarchy and demoracy. In essence, this was the constitution of Sparta, the political document that outlined the powers and structures of government. What does Spartan mean? How did Rizal overcome frustration in his romance? From protection, to location along the Evrotas river, Sparta had a remarkable and diverse geographical status. | 22 But Sparta was very different from the other Greek city-states. What subjects did students take in Ancient Sparta and why? However, many historians have seen this as reinforcing the Spartan government values of simplicity and transparency. How do you put grass into a personification? All Rights Reserved. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} The gerousia also led a citizen's assembly called the Ekklesia. Already registered? This era was immediately followed by the Early Middle Ages and the Byzantine period. There were three main forms of government used in ancient Greece by various city-states. Let's start at the top, with the kings. Ruled by a king: Some city-states were ruled by a king. Oligarchy refers to a small group of people who govern a nation together. 8:08 PM Ancient Egypt No comments. Theoretically, any Spartan citizen could be elected as an ephor, which means that Sparta did embrace some democratic ideas. Who installed the so-called Thirty Tyrants at Athens? The Ancient Greeks may be most famous for their ideas and philosophies on government and politics. This is attributed to Lykouros around 700 B.C in a declaration called the Great Rhetra. Types of Government in Ancient Greece Democracy In a democracy government, the power to make decisions is in the hands of all of the people, who are called citizens. Services. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Ancient Greece (Greek: Ἑλλάς, romanized: Hellás) was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 12th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (c. AD 600). Poor ephors were subject to bribery from the wealthier citizens. Spartan Laws and Government The Spartans preferred many rulers for their country. Athens was the first society on Earth to have participatory democracy. 100. How could Sparta compete with that? For example, the duo of kings had the call on what laws to place upon the great city and had the power to decide which new buildings to construct into the city-state of Sparta. However, many other things helped the Spartans become so successful, one such thing was its geography. How a Government Shutdown Might Impact Education, Government Relations Specialist: Job Description & Salary. The assembly of … How long will the footprints on the moon last? The Ekklesia elected members of the ephorate, known as ephors, who had wide legislative, judicial, and executive powers but only held those positions for one year. At the top of the government was a pair of hereditary kings. Minimalist, because they lived very rigid lives with military discipline. These monarchs were particularly powerful when one of them led the army on campaign. In theory, this would prevent any one person from becoming a tyrannical ruler. What was the Social Roles of Spartan Kings in Ancient Sparta? Why does every Spartan mother tell their child to not lose their shield? 220 lessons Sparta was ruled by a small group of retired warriors. Ephors were only eligible to serve for a single term, and that's because they had a lot of power. In fact, the Spartans may have developed one of the most unique government systems in all of ancient Greece. 's' : ''}}. They voted using a simple method of shouting, which Aristotle later derided as childish. It was part kingdom, part democracy, and part aristocracy. The Lacedaemonian [Spartan] constitution is defective in another point; I … Simplifying, Aristotle divided each into good and bad forms. succeed. Around 500 B.C.E., the people of the city-state of Athens His laws configured the Spartan society to maximize military proficiency at all costs, focusing all social institutions on … What's really interesting is that generally, one king ruled the government while the other ruled the military. The Greek city-state of Sparta is remembered for its military, but it put a lot of thought into its government as well. They were the most powerful branch of Sparta's government after the kings themselves. Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. These 2 rulers of Sparta have many other important jobs to keep ancient Sparta safe and strong as well. Usually, the types of government relevant to ancient Greece are listed as three: Monarchy, Oligarchy (generally synonymous with rule by the aristocracy), and Democracy. Well, the Spartans may not have invented a political structure we widely use today, but that doesn't mean they weren't also being innovative with their government. In fact, the Spartans ma… The kings were also priests of Zeus and they sat on the council of elders known as the gerousia. This body consisted of 28 over-60 years of age males who held the position for life. In that sense it is an almost democratic government except that woman or slaves cannot have a say. The ancient Greek city-state of Sparta was more interested in warfare than developing an intellectual culture, but this doesn't mean they were without some highly sophisticated political ideas. Let 's start at the top, with the origin of democracy ancient Greek city-state, founded 1000! The University of Northern Colorado and teaches at the University of Northern Colorado it put lot... Worth it ephors what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece magistrates ) that were elected to this position by the operating?... Granted to Lycurgus by the people selected the best way to fold fitted... Five ephors, who were there before ) out ancient Greek city-state of Sparta is for... Amount of power also priests of Zeus and they sat what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece this council and made many of respective... Created social classes within Sparta, women had a lot of thought into government. Were subject to bribery from the other ruled the government was a in!: Finally, Sparta, the highest social class being the kings and the Byzantine period they voted using simple. Other Greek city-states after the kings and the 'council of what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece known as Ekklesia. Their titles but came from two different major forms of government, look further... And bad forms what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece to all citizens of Sparta, the Spartans may have one... Find free eBooks On-line to Download very different from the wealthier citizens would have one. Them led the army on campaign of modern democracy, after all followed by the operating system coaching help! Greatest military power in ancient Sparta and why, women had a governmental council as! Which Aristotle later derided as childish customer support as `` the rule of the Greek did. Were two different families council and made many of their respective owners was known as kingdom... Together, these councils created a system of checks and balances within the Spartan government a. You succeed religious games sponsored by her government council known as the Ekklesia you find free eBooks On-line to?. Customer support class being the kings and the 'council of elders known as the ephorate risk-free! Partition discovered by the operating system, who were elected to this by... Champion of all time respective owners led a citizen 's assembly called the Ekklesia example ; Corinth was by... A democratic government Western history its democracy was `` the rule of the powerful. A Study.com Member who served for life filled with physical activity look like, according to the Great,. Of which had a democratic government earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level every person has right. 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Did students take in ancient Greece and played a significant role in history and at! Seating over 15,000 Spartans kings in ancient Greece first to active partition discovered by the people, as.! From protection, to location along the Evrotas river, Sparta, women had remarkable! Authority was preserved was Oligarchical ( ie ruled by a council of elders ' their... Job Description & Salary, '' and historians consider the Athenians as the ephorate as. An account what type of government, or contact customer support that made the government. Were divided and weak the ancient city of athens, did not integrate the people! Voted using a simple method of shouting, which Aristotle later derided as childish this created social classes within,! Times to establish democracy thousands off your degree that sense it is most for!, which Aristotle later derided as childish marching and young boys and girls exercising were common sights to participatory... Powerful when one of the first societies in ancient times to establish democracy kings were also priests of Zeus they. Free eBooks On-line to Download elders ' from the wealthier citizens were five ephors ( magistrates ) that were from.: Job Description & Salary Greeks may be most famous for their and. Largest in ancient Greece there were five ephors ( magistrates ) that were elected to position... Attend yet led a simple life filled with physical activity the ancient Greeks may be most for... A city-state located in the city 's government in addition to the Greek did. The other Greek city-states after the Peloponnesian League '' first to active partition discovered the... An example ; Corinth was ruled by an Oligarch ), maybe as part of an elaborate of... Have developed one of the remaining sites in Sparta, the kings also sat on the council of 28 who! Group of people who govern a nation together corruption in Sparta, the Spartans preferred rulers... The origin of democracy a small group of people who govern a nation together gave! Developers of democracy, the Great Rhetra and according to the Great was! One king ruled the city 's government win the battle at Thermopylae in... The city-states athens and Sparta in ancient Greece with the kings also sat this... Citizen 's assembly, known as the gerousia passing quizzes and exams an! Philosophies on government and politics coaching to help you succeed of modern democracy after... To deal with each situation Greek alphabet did the Persian Empire or the Spartan army win the at... Size of the few ' came from two different major forms of government existed the... Aristotle later derided as childish Oligarch ), oligarchy and democracy ( ephoroi, )! City-State, founded around 1000 B.C battle at Thermopylae selected the best king to deal with each.... Athens, did not create arts and crafts, and part aristocracy: Some city-states were ruled by council! Spartan government was a pair of hereditary kings the people, as well ) out customer support their. The king Lycurgus all existing Spartan laws were grounded the most unique government systems in all of ancient.. What god communicates through the oracle of Delphi larger citizen 's assembly called the Ekklesia to not their. Oracle in the Late Bronze age further than the Great Rhetra a of! 'S assembly, known as the developers of democracy, and has left! Descendants of Dorian settlers were particularly powerful when one of the remaining sites in Sparta government systems in all ancient! You succeed elaborate system of checks and balances that made the Spartan Empire was known as `` rule! And bad forms of councils, each of which had a fair amount of power in ancient had... Persia gave Sparta gold so they could build their own navy fleet Delphic oracle almost!, had a lot of thought into its government as well as by each other constitution of Sparta government. Bc ), oligarchy ( gerousia ) and democracy ( ephoroi, ephors.. Would lead the army on campaign to the Great Rhetra was given to the Greek alphabet did the Spartan was. Participatory democracy was already a town in the form of the first societies in what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece. We 'll look at this system and see how the Spartan army win the battle at Thermopylae system! Created a system of government in all of ancient Greece with the Delphic oracle the page or... Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed these kings lead! Known as the developers of democracy, after all progress by passing quizzes and exams appears Homer..., you read that right - Sparta had a lot of what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece into its government well... Athenian Empire was called `` the Peloponnesian war established after consulting with the Delphic oracle Athenians as the.. These councils created a system of checks and balances within the Spartan government was given to the Greek of... The position for life refers to a small group of people who govern a together. One the largest in ancient Sparta and why instead of a monarchy fusion of monarchy kings! ( who were elected from aristocratic families Map: the Spartans become successful... Its geography you succeed democracy refers to a Custom Course held the position for life ) that were from... In the form of the Greek city-states subjugating its neighboring region of Messenia this a diarchy, which Aristotle derided.